An article from Science News May 2019

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Biography

## Abel, Neils Henrik (1802–1829)

Article

## Addition

One of the four fundamental operations of arithmetic and algebra. The symbol + of addition is thought to be a ligature for “et,” used in a German manuscript of 1456 to denote addition. Its first printed appearance is in Johann Widman's Behennede und…

Biography

## Aiken, Howard Hathaway (1900–1973)

Biography

## Aleksandrov, Pavel Sergeevich (1896–1982)

Article

## Algebra

The branch of mathematics dealing with the solution of equations. These equations involve unknowns, or variables, along with fixed numbers from a specified system (Fig. 1). The origins of algebra were based on the need to develop equations that…

Article

## Algebraic geometry

The study of zero sets of polynomial equations. Examples are the parabola y − x2 = 0, thought of as sitting in the (x, y)-plane, and the locus of all points (t, t2, t3, t4), which is defined by Eqs. (1), 1 in the coordinate space with coordinates w,…

Biography

## Amsler-Laffon, Jakob (1823–1912)

Article

## Analysis of variance

Total variation in experimental data is partitioned into components assignable to specific sources by the analysis of variance. This statistical technique is applicable to data for which (1) effects of sources are additive, (2) uncontrolled or…

Article

## Analytic geometry

A branch of mathematics in which algebra is applied to the study of geometry. Because algebraic methods were first systematically applied to geometry in 1637 by the French philosopher-mathematician René Descartes, the subject is also called…