Mansfield, Linda S. College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.
Last reviewed:October 2019
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- Nervous system infections
- Respiratory tract infections
- Gastrointestinal tract infections
- Parasitic diseases of animals
- Systemic diseases
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans. Zoonoses (the singular form is zoonosis) are also termed zoonotic diseases. They are infectious diseases passed from animals (Fig. 1) to humans. Zoonotic agents are found among all major categories of microbes, including bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses. Although any individual can acquire a zoonotic infection, young children, older adults, and immunocompromised individuals [for example, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–infected individuals or people receiving chemotherapy] are most at risk. See also: Animal virus; Bacteria; Disease; Fungi; Infectious disease; Medical bacteriology; Medical mycology; Medical parasitology; Microbiology; Parasitology; Virus
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