Jenkins, Francis A. Formerly, Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California.
Dieke, G. H. Formerly, Department of Physics, Johns Hopkins University, California, Maryland.
Watson, William W. Formerly, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
Last reviewed:June 2020
- Normal Zeeman effect
- Anomalous Zeeman effect
- Quadratic Zeeman effect
- Inverse Zeeman effect
- Zeeman effect in molecules
- Zeeman effect in crystals
- Nuclear Zeeman effect
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A splitting of spectral lines when the light source being studied is placed in a magnetic field. Discovered by P. Zeeman in 1896, the Zeeman effect furnishes information of prime importance in the analysis of spectra. Each kind of spectral term has its characteristic mode of splitting, and the types of terms are most definitely identified by this property. Furthermore, the effect allows an evaluation of the ratio of charge to mass of the electron and an evaluation of its precise magnetic moment.
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