Sakdinawat, Anne SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California.
Attwood, David Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California.
Last reviewed:July 2016
Show previous versions
- X-ray interaction with matter
- Reflective optics
- Diffractive optics
- Refractive optics
- Collimators, pinholes, and apertures
- Applications of x-ray optics
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The scientific field focusing on the interaction of x-rays with matter and on the x-ray optical elements that are used to manipulate x-rays in time and space. When W. K. Röntgen discovered x-rays or “X-Strahlen” in 1895, he observed their attenuation but originally thought that it was not possible to manipulate x-rays by commonly known light interactions such as reflection or refraction. However, over the next century, as scientists continued to study x-rays, and as fabrication technology advanced into the nanoscale regime, x-ray optical elements started becoming available and the field of x-ray optics made significant advances, enabling new scientific and technical capabilities. Applications such as extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) lithography and x-ray microscopy benefit from the short wavelength, large penetration depths (in the case of higher-energy x-rays), and chemical and elemental specificity.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information