Engstrom, Arne Department of Medical Physics, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
- Principles of image formation
- Chemistry of specimen
- Quantitative microscopy
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A term used to describe a technique and an instrument or combination of instruments which utilize x-radiation for chemical analysis and for magnification of 100–1000 diameters. The resolution possible is about 0.25 micrometer. X-ray microscopy is a relatively recent development among the microscopic techniques. The contrast in the x-ray microscopic image is caused by varying x-ray attenuation in the specimen. The advantage of x-ray microscopy is that it yields quantitative chemical information, besides structural information, about objects, including those which are opaque to light. It is a reliable ultramicrochemical analytical technique by which amounts of elements and weights of samples as small as 10−12 to 10−14 g can be analyzed with an error of only a few percent. See also: X-ray optics
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information