Flumerfelt, Raymond W. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, Texas.
Wang, Su Su Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, Texas.
Last reviewed:February 2017
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- Wind power, published June 2014:Download PDF Get Adobe Acrobat Reader
- Wind turbines, published June 2009:Download PDF Get Adobe Acrobat Reader
- Turbine configurations and components
- Wind energy basics
- Aerodynamic effects
- Turbine performance and operation
- Turbine blade loads and fatigue
- Turbine blade materials
- Future turbine blades
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The extraction of kinetic energy from the wind and conversion of it into a useful type of energy: thermal, mechanical, or electrical. The use of wind energy by various devices to propel ships, pump water, grind grains, and perform other energy-intensive tasks has existed since the early Egyptians. The nineteenth and twentieth centuries brought fossil fuels and fossil-fuel engines, and wind had a minor role as an energy conversion source. Only since the oil embargo of 1973 has wind been rediscovered and started to emerge as an important energy source. Advances in large airfoil structure manufacturing, composite materials, computational aerodynamics, and machine design and control have produced larger, lighter, and more efficient and reliable wind energy power systems than ever before. Wind energy represents a growing percentage of the electricity grids of a number of countries (Fig. 1). See also: Electric power generation; Energy sources; Wind
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