Lowell, Wayne R. Formerly, Department of Geology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.
Last reviewed:December 2019
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A hydrated phosphate of aluminum mineral with composition Al3(OH)3(PO4)2 · 5H2O, in which small amounts of fluorine and iron may substitute for the hydroxyl group (OH) and aluminum (Al), respectively. Wavellite crystallizes in the orthorhombic system. The crystals are stout to long prismatic, but are rare. Wavellite commonly occurs as globular aggregates of fibrous structure (see illustration) and as encrusting and stalactitic masses. Wavellite crystals range in color from colorless and white to different shades of blue, green, yellow, brown and black.
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