Liu, Clark C. K. Department of Civil Engineering, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Park, Jae-Woo Department of Civil Engineering, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Last reviewed:April 2019
Show previous versions
- Thermal processes
- Multistage flash distillation (MFD)
- Multieffect distillation (MED)
- Vacuum freezing
- Membrane processes
- Reverse osmosis
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The removal of dissolved minerals (including salts) from seawater or brackish water. This change may occur naturally as part of the hydrologic cycle, or as an engineered process. Engineered water desalination processes, which produce potable water from seawater or brackish water, have become important because many regions throughout the world suffer from water scarcity (lack of supply) caused by the uneven distribution of the natural water supply and by human use (Fig. 1). More than 18,000 installed desalination plants have been built worldwide, with a total capacity greater than 87 million m3/day (23 billion gal/day). See also: Water supply engineering
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information