Jones, Meredith L. National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.
Rouse Greg W. South Australian Museum, Adelaide, South Australia.
Last reviewed:January 2021
- Nervous system
- Digestive, excretory, and reproductive systems
- Reproductive system
- Larval development
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A group of benthic marine annelid worms, discovered in 1969, that is restricted to habitats rich in sulfide (for example, hydrothermal vents and sulfide seeps). As adults they lack a mouth, gut, and anus, and are nourished by internal symbionts. All vestimentiferans live in tubes of varying hardness and rigidity (see illustration). Tube material is secreted by internal glands and is a mixture of chitin and protein. See also: Hydrothermal vent
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