Tsang, Constantine Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, Colorado.
Last reviewed:December 2018
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The European Space Agency’s first mission to Venus, launched in November 2005 to study Venus’s atmosphere and plasma environment and create meteorological maps. Venus Express (Fig. 1) was only the second European Space Agency (ESA) mission to another planet in the solar system, after Mars Express. The spacecraft entering orbit around Venus in April 2006, and operated successfully until its propellant ran out in December 2014. The probe's primary mission was to observe the thick atmosphere of Venus and study its evolving dynamics and chemistry over the course of at least two Venus sidereal days (approximately 500 Earth days). See also: Atmosphere; Earth; Mars; Planet; Solar system; Space probe; Venus
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