DISCLAIMER: This article is being kept online for historical purposes. Though accurate at last review, it is no longer being updated. The page may contain broken links or outdated information.
Jenner, Ronald A. Department of Life Sciences, The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom.
- Animal venoms are complex mixtures
- Venomous remipede crustaceans?
- Remipede venom glands express venom toxins
- The remipede toxin mix is unique
- Need for further work
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The convergent evolution of venoms across the animal kingdom is testament to their great adaptive value. Venoms play key roles in predation, defense (including defense against microorganisms), competition, and even communication in a wide variety of terrestrial and aquatic taxa, ranging from jellyfish, cone snails, spiders, scorpions, insects, and centipedes to snakes, fish, and the duck-billed platypus. Venoms are particularly common in arthropods and contribute to the biological success of tens of thousands of species of insects, scorpions, spiders, and centipedes. However, one major group of arthropods represents a glaring exception to this abundance of venomous species: the crustaceans. Although the approximately 70,000 known species of crustaceans exhibit an unparalleled diversity of body plans (including water fleas, crabs, lobsters, barnacles, and brine shrimp), none of them has been known to be venomous. However, current research has now shown that remipedes (members of the class Remipedia, including the species Speleonectes tulumensis) are the first venomous crustaceans, adding a new major animal group to the roster of venomous animals.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information