Kit, Saul Division of Biochemical Virology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
Last reviewed:March 2019
Show previous versions
- Attenuated-live vaccines
- Noninfectious vaccines
- Killed vaccines
- Polysaccharide vaccines
- Subunit vaccines
- Synthetic peptide vaccines
- Biosynthetic polypeptide vaccines
- Anti-idiotype antibody vaccines
- DNA vaccines
- Cytokines and immunomodulation
- Recombinant viral vectors and chimeric viruses
- Diarrheal disease vaccines
- Rotavirus vaccines
- Oral transgenic plant vaccines
- Cancer vaccines
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Active immunization against a variety of microorganisms or their components, with the ultimate goal of protecting the host against subsequent challenge by the naturally occurring infectious agent. The terms vaccination and vaccine were originally used only in connection with Edward Jenner's method for preventing smallpox, introduced in 1796. In 1881, Louis Pasteur proposed that these terms should be used to describe any prophylactic immunization. Vaccination now refers to active immunization against a variety of bacteria, viruses, and parasites (for example, malaria and trypanosomes) [Fig. 1]. See also: Biologicals; Cellular immunology; Immunity; Immunology
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information