Johnson, Francis S. University of Texas, Dallas, Texas.
- Internal gravity waves
- Sound waves and infrasonics
- Large-scale circulation
- Planetary upper atmospheres
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The motion of the atmosphere above 50 km (30 mi). The predominant dynamical phenomena of the upper atmosphere are quite different from those encountered in the lower atmosphere. Among those encountered in the lower atmosphere are cyclones, anticyclones, tropical hurricanes, thunderstorms and shower clouds, tornadoes, and dust devils. Even the largest of these phenomena do not penetrate far into the upper atmosphere. Above an altitude of about 50 km (30 mi), the predominant dynamical phenomena are internal gravity waves, tides, sound waves (including infrasonic), turbulence, and large-scale circulation. These are described below.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information