Uninterruptible power supply
Amac, Ayse E. Kocaeli University, İzmit, Turkey
Emadi, Ali Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois.
Last reviewed:August 2020
- Static UPS
- Rotary UPS
- Hybrid Static/Rotary UPS
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A source of high-quality alternating power to sensitive electrical equipment. An ideal uninterruptible power supply (UPS) provides a critical load with power when the main supply suffers from an over- or undervoltage condition causing interruption of the supply. It thus ensures power without break for the critical load. The UPS should be reliable and highly efficient, requiring low maintenance, low cost, and light weight. Uninterruptible power supplies were originally designed to furnish reliable and high-quality continuous power to large computer systems. They are now applied to a wide variety of critical equipment, such as medical facilities, life-support systems, financial transaction data storage and computer systems, telecommunications, industrial processing, and on-line management systems. Three types of UPS systems are available: static, rotary, and hybrid static/rotary. See also: Circuit (electricity); Electric power transmission
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