Bass, Henry E. Physical Acoustics Research Laboratory, University of Mississippi, Oxford, Mississippi.
Fowlkes, J. Brian Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Keppens, Veerle M. National Center for Physical Acoustics, University of Mississippi, Oxford, Mississippi.
Last reviewed:August 2020
- Ultrasonic Generators and Detectors
- Piezoelectricity and magnetostriction
- Polymer transducers
- Pulse systems
- Solid dielectric transducer
- High-power devices
- Shear waves in liquids
- Engineering Applications
- Low-amplitude applications
- High-amplitude applications
- Analytical Uses
- Sound attenuation in fluids
- Effects in solids
- Low-temperature data
- Resonant ultrasound spectroscopy
- Medical Applications
- Ultrasonic imaging
- Ultrasound contrast agents
- Ultrasound bioeffects
- Ultrasonic therapy
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The science of sound waves having frequencies above the audible range, that is, above about 20,000 Hz. Original workers in this field adopted the term supersonics. However, this name was also used in the study of airflow for velocities faster than the speed of sound. The present convention is to use the term ultrasonics as defined above. Since there is no marked distinction between the propagation and the uses of sound waves above and below 20,000 Hz, the division is artificial. In this article the emphasis is on instrumentation, engineering applications, analytical uses, and medical applications. See also: Sound
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