Type 2 diabetes
Cohen, Zoe College of Nursing, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
Last reviewed:April 2018
Show previous versions
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A metabolic disorder characterized by the presence of excess glucose in the blood and tissues of the body, occurring as a result of resistance to insulin action coupled with an inadequate compensatory insulin secretory response. Type 2 diabetes (Fig. 1), formerly known as adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the most prevalent form of diabetes mellitus. It results from a combination of resistance to the action of the pancreatic hormone insulin compounded by an inability of insulin secretion to compensate for the increased requirement of this hormone, leading to relative insulin deficiency. In particular, type 2 diabetes is characterized as a chronic metabolic disorder with hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) and abnormal energy metabolism. It is caused by a combination of genetic, autoimmune, and environmental factors. See also: Diabetes; Diabetes mellitus; Energy metabolism; Glucose; Hormone; Insulin; Metabolic disorders; Metabolism; Pancreas; Pancreas disorders
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information