Maggenti, Armand R. Division of Nematology, University of California, Davis, California.
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An order of nematodes in which the cephalic cuticle is simple and not duplicated; there is no helmet. The body cuticle is smooth or sometimes superficially annulated. Cepahalic sensilla follow the typical pattern in which one whorl is circumoral and the second whorl is often the combination of circlets two and three. The pouchlike amphids have apertures that are inconspicuous or transversally oval. The stoma is variable, being simple, collapsed, funnel shaped or cylindrical, and armed or unarmed. In most taxa, the stoma is surrounded by esophageal tissue; that is, it is entirely esophastome. When the stoma is expanded, both the cheilostome and esophastome are evident. Esophagi are cylindrical-conoid. Esophageal glands open anterior to the nerve ring. Males generally have three supplementary organs, more in some taxa. A gubernaculum accompanies the spicules. Caudal glands are generally present.
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