Roberts, Lester DNA Sequencing and Technology Center, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California.
- Forward-wave amplifiers
- Backward-wave devices
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A microwave electronic tube in which a beam of electrons interacts continuously with a wave that travels along a circuit, the interaction extending over a distance of many wavelengths. Traveling-wave tubes can provide amplification over exceedingly wide bandwidths. Typical bandwidths are 10–100% of the center frequency, with gains of 20–60 dB. Low-noise traveling-wave tube amplifiers serve as the inputs to sensitive radars or communications receivers. High-efficiency medium-power traveling-wave tubes are the principal final amplifiers used in communication satellites, the space shuttle communications transmitter, and deep-space planetary probes and landers. High-power traveling-wave amplifiers operate as the final stages of radars, wide-band radar countermeasure systems, and scatter communication transmitters. They are capable of delivering continuous-wave power levels in the kilowatt range and pulsed power levels exceeding a megawatt. See also: Communications satellite; Electronic warfare; Radar; Space communications; Space probe
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information