Stuart, Edward G. West Virginia School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia.
Mottet, N. Karle University Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
Last reviewed:July 2020
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Injury to body tissue by physical or chemical means. Trauma is a serious injury to the body and requires immediate medical attention. Various types of forces located outside of the body can lead to traumatic injury. Mechanical injury includes abrasions, contusions, lacerations, and incisions, as well as stab, puncture, and bullet wounds. Trauma to bones and joints results in fractures, dislocations, and sprains. Head injuries are often serious as a result of the complications of hemorrhage, skull fracture, or concussion (see illustration). See also: Concussion; Hemorrhage; Medicine; Skeletal system; Sport-related concussion
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