Ton of refrigeration
Kayan, Carl F. Formerly, Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York.
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A rate of cooling that is equivalent to the removal of heat at 200 Btu/min (200 kilojoules/min), 12,000 Btu/h (13 megajoules/h), or 288,000 Btu/day (300 MJ/day). This unit of measure stems from the original use of ice for refrigeration. One pound of ice, in melting at 32°F (0°C), absorbs as latent heat approximately 144 Btu/lb (335 J/kg), and 1 ton (0.9 metric ton) of ice, in melting in 24 h, absorbs 288,000 Btu/day (300 MJ/day). In Europe, where the metric system is used, the equivalent cooling unit is the frigorie, which is a kilogram calorie, or 3.96 Btu. Thus 3000 frigories/h is approximately 1 ton of refrigeration. A standard ton of refrigeration is one developed at standard rating conditions of 5°F (−15°C) evaporator and 86°F (30°C) condenser temperatures, with 9°F (−13°C) liquid subcooling and 9°F (−13°C) suction superheat. See also: Refrigeration
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