Robbins, Nathaniel, Jr. Residential Division, Honeywell, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota.
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An instrument which directly or indirectly controls one or more sources of heating and cooling to maintain a desired temperature. To perform this function a thermostat must have a sensing element and a transducer. The sensing element measures changes in the temperature and produces a desired effect on the transducer. The transducer converts the effect produced by the sensing element into a suitable control of the device or devices which affect the temperature. The most commonly used principles for sensing changes in temperature are (1) unequal rate of expansion of two dissimilar metals bonded together (bimetals), (2) unequal expansion of two dissimilar metals (rod and tube), (3) liquid expansion (sealed diaphragm and remote bulb or sealed bellows with or without a remote bulb), (4) saturation pressure of a liquid-vapor system (bellows), and (5) temperature-sensitive resistance element.
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