McLaughlin, Patsy A. Formerly, Shannon Point Marine Center, Western Washington University, Anacortes, Washington.
- Additional Readings
A small order of the crustacean superorder Peracarida. In thermosbaenaceans, the carapace, which may cover part of the cephalic region and one to several thoracic somites, is fused only to the first thoracic somite. The carapace of females is expanded to provide a dorsally positioned brood pouch where embryos hatch as subadults (see illustration). Eyes are reduced or absent. The abdomen consists of six somites and a telson; however, in Thermosbaena, at least, the telson and sixth somite are fused to form a pleotelson. The first pair of thoracic appendages are modified as maxillipeds, and may be sexually dimorphic; the remaining five to seven pairs provide the animals with locomotion. Sexes are separate.
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