Quinn, T. J. Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, Pavillion de Breteuil, Sèvres, France.
- Pressure and magnetic field corrections
- Extension and compensating wires
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A device in which the temperature difference between the ends of a pair of dissimilar metal wires is deduced from a measurement of the difference in the thermoelectric potentials developed along the wires. The presence of a temperature gradient in a metal or alloy leads to an electric potential gradient being set up along the temperature gradient. This thermoelectric potential gradient is proportional to the temperature gradient and varies from metal to metal. It is the fact that the thermoelectric emf is different in different metals and alloys for the same temperature gradient that allows the effect to be used for the measurement of temperature.
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