Houghton, David D. Department of Meteorology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.
- Additional Readings
The difference in the geostrophic wind between two heights in the atmosphere over a given position on Earth. It approximates the variation of the actual winds with height for large-scale and slowly changing motions of the atmosphere. Such structure in the wind field is of fundamental importance to the description of the atmosphere and to processes causing its day-to-day changes. The thermal wind embodies a basic relationship between vertical fluctuations of the horizontal wind and horizontal temperature gradients in the atmosphere. This relationship arises from the combination of the geostrophic wind law, the hydrostatic equation, and the gas law.
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