Wiley, Edward O., III Natural History Museum, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.
Last reviewed:January 2019
Show previous versions
- Taxa and categories
- Taxonomic formalities
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The scientific activity of naming organisms and organizing these names according to a given criterion. In biological study, taxonomy has evolved into formal rules and systems to classify organisms (Fig. 1). In general, it aims at producing a hierarchical system of classification of organisms that best reflects the totality of similarities and differences. Taxonomy also is part of the broader discipline of systematics, which is a discipline that covers all of comparative biology, including comparative morphology, genomics, and biogeography. Systematists who develop formal biological classifications and publish taxonomic revisions and keys are practicing taxonomy. See also: Biological classification; E-taxonomy; Systematics; Taxonomic categories
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information