Kareiva, Peter M. Department of Zoology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
- Historical overview
- Ecosystem theory
- Large-scale studies and models
- Addressing environmental problems
- Scaling laws
- Linking individual ecology, population ecology, and ecosystem dynamics
- Human impact
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The analysis of how ecosystem function is determined by the components of an ecosystem and how those components cycle, retain, or exchange energy and nutrients. Systems ecology typically involves the application of computer models that track the flow of energy and materials and predict the responses of systems to perturbations that range from fires to climate change to species extinctions. Systems ecology is closely related to mathematical ecology, with the major difference stemming from systems ecology's focus on energy and nutrient flow and its borrowing of ideas from engineering. See also: Ecology; Mathematical ecology
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