Systematics in forensic science
Allard, Marc Department of Biological Science, George Washington University, Washington, DC.
Budowle, Bruce Laboratory Division, Federal Bureau of Investigation Academy, Quantico, Virginia.
Wilson, Mark R. Laboratory Division, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington, DC.
- Population databases
- Phylogenetic analyses
- Forensic relevance
- Microbial applications
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
For over a decade, molecular biology methods have been used to resolve identity issues in violent crimes, acts of terrorism, missing persons cases, mass disasters, and paternity testing. One very sensitive method is the direct sequencing of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). A mitochondrion contains 2–10 copies of mtDNA, and there can be up to 1000 mitochondria per somatic cell. Because of the large number of copies of mtDNA, tissues such as hair, bones, and teeth can be typed more readily than with nuclear-based DNA markers. mtDNA sequencing is the primary genetic analysis used to identify individuals from bones recovered from American war casualties. Victim remains from the World Trade Center tragedy have had their mtDNA sequenced. In addition, mtDNA analysis has been used in evolutionary and anthropological studies, including analyses of ancient DNA.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information