Davis, George H. Department of Geological Sciences, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
- Additional Reading
In its simplest form, a geologic structure marked by the folding of originally horizontal rock layers into a systematically curved, concave upward profile geometry (illus. a). A syncline is convex in the direction of the oldest beds in the folded sequence, concave in the direction of the youngest beds. Although typically upright, a syncline may be overturned, recumbent, or upside down (illus. d). Synclines occur in all sizes, from microscopic to regional. Profile forms may be curved smoothly (illus. a) to sharply angular (illus. b). Fold tightness of a syncline, as measured by the angle at which the limbs of the syncline join, may be so gentle that the fold is barely discernible, to so tight that the limbs are virtually parallel to one another (illus. c). The orientation of the axis of folding is horizontal to shallowly plunging, but synclines may plunge as steeply as vertical.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information