- Agriculture, Forestry & Soils
- Field crops, grasses, plant fibers, spices, tree crops, herbs
Stewart, Dewey Crops Research Division, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland.
Lewellen, R. T. Agriculture Research Station, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Salinas, California.
- Field practices
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A biennial beet plant, Beta vulgaris (order Caryophyllales), characterized by a white root and cultivated for the high sugar content of the root. The sugarbeet (often spelled as sugar beet) was developed in modern times to fill the need for a sugar crop that could be grown in temperate climates. During Napoleon's struggle to control Europe in the early 1800s, ports were closed to English ships and to colonial trade that had been the source of cane sugar from tropical regions. The desire for sugar and the urge to be self-sufficient in the production of this food motivated the development of the sugarbeet and the establishment of a beet sugar industry in central Europe. See also: Caryophyllales; Horticultural crops; Renewable resources; Root (botany); Sugar; Sugar crops
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