Firebaugh, Millard S. Center for Energetic Concepts Development, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland.
Last reviewed:May 2019
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- Hull resistance
- Hull and arrangement
- Pressure hull
- Main ballast tanks
- Fire control
- Electronic warfare
- Atmosphere control
- Torpedo firing
- Missile launching
- Escape system
- Additional Readings
A ship that can operate completely submerged in the water. The term "submarine" formerly applied to any ship capable of operating completely underwater, but now usually describes a ship built for military purposes (Fig. 1). The expected military uses of submarines are to attack enemy naval forces, including other submarines; to attack merchant shipping; to strike targets ashore either in a tactical engagement using cruise missiles or in a strategic engagement delivering ballistic missiles; to gather intelligence covertly; and to insert clandestine forces ashore. The salient point of a submarine is to exploit its inherent stealth by virtue of being invisible by sight or radar underwater. See also: Ballistic missile; Guided missile; Radar; Water
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