Busch, Daryle H. Department of Chemistry, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.
Pearson, R. G. Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.
Williams, Jack M. Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois.
Marks, Tobin J. Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.
- Formation of Ions
- Ionization potential
- Typical ions
- Born-Haber cycle
- Polyhedral Structures
- Coordination polyhedrons
- Electrostatic model
- Ionic radii ratios
- Valence-bond theory
- Applications of valence-bond theory
- Condensed Polyhedral Structures
- Homologous series
- Bridge-forming atoms
- Electron-Deficient Structures
- Additional Reading
Much of chemistry is explainable in terms of the structures of chemical compounds. The understanding of the structures of chemical compounds hinges very strongly on the understanding of the electronic configurations of the elements. The union of atoms, and therefore the formation of compounds from the elements, is associated with interactions among the extranuclear electrons of the individual atoms. Electronic interactions among atoms may occur in either of two ways: Electrons may be transferred from one atom to another, or they may be shared by two (or more) atoms. The first type of interaction is called electrovalence and results in the formation of electrically charged monatomic ions. The second, covalence, leads to the formation of molecules and complex ions. See also: Chemical bonding
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