Clarke, J. Harold Clarke Nursery, Long Beach, Washington.
Converse, Richard H. Department of Botany, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Distribution and importance
- Propagation and harvesting
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A low-growing perennial of the genus Fragaria, order Rosales, that spreads by stolons (creeping stems), and the juicy, usually red, edible fruit consisting of a fleshy receptacle with numerous seeds in pits or nearly superficial on the receptacle. The strawberry (Fig. 1) in the United States is derived from two species: Fragaria chiloensis, which grows along the Pacific coast of North America and South America, and F. virginiana, the eastern meadow strawberry; both are members of the order Rosales. These species were apparently crossed in Europe in the early eighteenth century, and some of the hybrid offspring were brought back to North America, where they have been crossed and recrossed until the characteristics of the original parental types are hard to see. The resulting hybrid is termed Fragaria × ananassa, the garden strawberry. The European strawberry is a smaller-fruited type, usually grown from seed. See also: Fruit; Rosales; Seed; Stem
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