Boschung, Herbert T. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
Last reviewed:June 2020
- Squalidae (dogfish sharks)
- Centrophoridae (gulper sharks)
- Etmopteridae (lantern sharks)
- Somniosidae (sleeper sharks)
- Oxynotidae (rough sharks)
- Dalatiidae (kitefin sharks)
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
An order of sharks comprising six families, 24 genera, and 97 species, commonly known as dogfish sharks. The order Squaliformes differs from all other sharks by the following combination of characters: two dorsal fins, with or without spines; no anal fin; spiracle behind eye; and lower nictitating eye membrane absent. For the most part, squaliform sharks inhabit continental and insular shelves and slopes, and seamounts. Some species live at great depths. So far as known, squaliforms are ovoviviparous and produce from one to 22 pups per litter, depending on the species. The dwarf lantern shark (Etmopterus perryi), at 17 cm (6.7 in.) in length, is probably the world's smallest shark; the largest squaliform is the Pacific sleeper shark (Somniosus pacificus), which is up to 7 m (23 ft) in length. The diet consists of bony fishes, cephalopods, crustaceans and other invertebrates, mammals, and other sharks. See also: Elasmobranchii; Selachii
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