Spitzer Space Telescope
Rieke, George H. Steward Observatory, Department of Astronomy, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
Last reviewed:March 2020
Show previous versions
- Objectives and science results
- Star formation
- Planetary systems
- Assembly and evolution of galaxies
- Additional discoveries
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
An infrared space telescope that operated for more than 16 years. Along with the Hubble Space Telescope, the Chandra X-ray Observatory, and the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, Spitzer (Fig. 1) was part of the Great Observatories program by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which developed space telescopes for collecting light in portions of the electromagnetic spectrum that are mostly unavailable to ground-based telescopes. Prior to launch on August 25, 2003, Spitzer was known as SIRTF (Space Infrared Telescope Facility). Once in orbit, the telescope was renamed after Lyman Spitzer, Jr., the first prominent astronomer to advocate putting telescopes into space. NASA ceased Spitzer's science operations on January 30, 2020, in anticipation of the launch of the infrared-capable James Webb Space Telescope. See also: Astronomical observatory; Chandra X-ray Observatory; Compton Gamma Ray Observatory; Hubble Space Telescope; Infrared astronomy; Infrared radiation; Light; Telescope
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 45 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information