Treger, Daryl Strategic Analysis, Inc., Farmington Hills, Michigan.
Wolf, Stuart A Institute for Nanoscale and Quantum Scientific and Technological Advanced Research, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and Department of Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.
- Giant magnetoresistive effect
- Spin-dependent tunneling device
- Spin momentum transfer effect
- Domain-wall “racetrack” memory
- Sensing devices
- Spin-polarized field-effect transistors
- Spin resonant tunneling diodes
- Quantum computing
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The branch of physics concerned with the manipulation, storage, and transfer of information by means of electron spins in addition to or in place of the electron charge as in conventional electronics. Introduced in 1996, spintronics (the word coined by S. Wolf) was originally the name for a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) program managed by Wolf. In conventional electronics, only the charge of the electrons is of consequence for device operation, but using the electron's other fundamental property, its spin, has opened up the new field of spintronics. Major advances in electron spin transport started in 1979–1980 with the discovery of large low-temperature magnetoresistance in metallic superlattices. Later demonstrations of the “giant” effect at room temperature evolved toward application in practical devices.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information