O'Donnell, Franklin Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Pasadena, California.
Last reviewed:June 2020
- Spacecraft Subsystems
- Scientific instruments
- Power subsystem
- Telecommunications subsystem
- Attitude-control subsystem
- Propulsion subsystem
- Thermal control subsystem
- Command and data subsystem
- Structure subsystem
- Miscellaneous subsystems
- Mission Stages
- Significant Missions
- Lunar Orbiter
- Venera, Mars, and Zond
- Comet missions
- International Comet Explorer (ICE)
- Suisei and Sakigake
- Hiten and Hagoromo (Muses-A)
- Mars Observer
- Discovery, New Frontiers, and New Millennium Programs
- Mars initiatives
- Space-based observatories
- Resurgence of lunar missions
- Other missions
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
An automated crewless vehicle, the payload of a rocket-launching system, designed for flight missions to other planets, to the Moon, and into interplanetary space, as distinguished from Earth-orbiting satellites.
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