Space flight, 2002
von Puttkamer, Jesco Formerly, Office of Space Flight, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.
- International Space Station
- Operations and assembly
- STS 110
- Soyuz TM-34
- STS 111
- STS 112
- Soyuz TMA-1
- STS 113
- United States Space Activities
- Space shuttle
- Advanced transportation systems activities
- Space sciences and astronomy
- Earth science
- Department of Defense space activities
- Commercial space activities
- Russian Space Activities
- European Space Activities
- Spot 5
- Newton XMM
- Asian Space Activities
- Additional Readings
Space flight in 2002 featured a number of highlights both in human missions and in automated space exploration and commercial utilization. While the United States space budget remained relatively stable, international space activities continued their trends of reduced public spending and increased pressure on the private industrial sector for more entrepreneurship, particularly in developing and providing launch services. After reaching their lowest point since 1963 in 2001, launch activities in 2002 showed some recovery. A total of 61 successful launches placed about 81 payloads into orbit, compared to 57 flights in 2001 (81 in 2000). There also were four launch failures (up from two in 2001) [Table 1].
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