Space flight, 1997
von Puttkamer, Jesco Formerly, Office of Space Flight, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.
- United States Space Activities
- Space shuttle
- International Space Station
- Advanced transportation systems
- Space sciences and astronomy
- Earth science
- Department of Defense activities
- Commercial space activities
- Russian Space Activities
- Space station Mir
- Russian commercial activities
- European Space Activities
- Ariane 4
- Ariane 5
- Scientific spacecraft
- Space station participation
- Asian Space Activities
- South American Space Activities
- Additional Readings
The year 1997 exhibited a remarkable upswing in space activities over the several preceding years (Table 1), showing growth trends in operations and advanced developments. There were 85 successful launches, up from 69 in 1996 (Table 2). In the United States the development of the International Space Station reached a crucial point. In Russia, the continuing utilization of the space station Mir was marked by a series of events and emergencies requiring innovative maintenance and repair actions. A remarkable achievement was the landing of NASA's first robot explorer on Mars after a 21-year hiatus and the excursions of the small rover on the red plain of the landing site. The year also brought new discoveries by the Hubble Space Telescope after a new upgrade and by the deep-space probe Galileo at Jupiter, as well as the launch of the large probe Cassini to Saturn. See also: Mars
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