Fehr, Walter R. Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University of Science and Technology, Ames, Iowa.
Kennedy, Bill W. Department of Plant Pathology, Institute of Agriculture, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Orthoefer, F. T. A. E. Staley Manufacturing Company, Decatur, Illinois.
- Economic importance
- Plant characteristics
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Glycine max, an erect annual legume native to China that is widely cultivated for forage and for its seed, which is a major source of vegetable protein and oil for human and animal consumption and for industrial usage. Introduced from China into North America in 1765, soybean plants (Fig. 1) were first grown as a curiosity and then as a forage and soil-building crop. The valued portion of the plant is the seed (Fig. 2), which contains about 40% protein and 20% oil on a dry-weight basis. See also: Fabales; Farm crops; Legume; Legume forages; Seed
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