Schlitt, William Joseph Kvaerner Metals, Davy Nonferrous Division, San Ramon, California.
Bartlett, Robert W. College of Mines, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho.
Edwards, Alan F. Freeport-McMoran Inc., New Orleans, Louisiana.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Evaporite Mining
- Ore Leaching
- Frasch Process
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The extraction of valuable components from a mineral deposit using an aqueous leaching solution. In its original sense, solution mining refers to evaporite mining, the dissolution of soluble rock material such as salt by using borehole wells to pump water into the deposit and remove the resulting saturated brine. In its current usage, solution mining also includes ore leaching, the in-place (in-situ) leaching of valuable metal components from an orebody, and the mine-site procedures of heap leaching and dump leaching. Often included is the Frasch process of using superheated water to melt sulfur in its deep deposits and recover the molten sulfur in borehole wells. See also: Ore and mineral deposits
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