Coleman, David C. Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.
Last reviewed:January 2019
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- Soil profile
- Biological aspects of soil
- Model of soil interactions
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The study of the interactions among soil organisms, and between biotic and abiotic aspects of the soil environment. Soil (Fig. 1) is made up of a multitude of physical, chemical, and biological entities, with many interactions occurring among them. Soil is a variable mixture of broken and weathered minerals and decaying organic matter. Together with the proper amounts of air and water, soil supplies, in part, sustenance for plants as well as mechanical support. Overall, soil ecology is concerned with how the organisms found in soil interact with other organisms and their environment. See also: Ecological communities; Ecology; Forest soil; Soil
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