Amin, S. Massoud Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Wollenberg, Bruce F. Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
- Defining a smart grid
- Building a smart grid
- Benefits to the existing power system
- Benefits to consumers
- Integration of renewable energy devices
- Future challenges
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
In 1940, only 10% of the energy consumption in North America was used to produce electricity. By 1970, this had risen to 25%, and by 2002, it was 40%. The North American electric power grid plays a critical role in the economy and society, and has been hailed by the National Academy of Engineering as the twentieth century's engineering innovation most beneficial to civilization.
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