Baylis, Matthew University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, United Kingdom.
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A transmissible, invariably fatal disease of adult sheep and goats characterized by degeneration of the central nervous system. It is one of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, a disease family which includes bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle (commonly known as mad cow disease), chronic wasting disease in deer, and Kuru and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans. Scrapie was first discovered in European sheep in the early eighteenth century and is now present in many sheep populations worldwide, excluding Australia and New Zealand. See also: Nervous system disorders
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