DISCLAIMER: This article is being kept online for historical purposes. Though accurate at last review, it is no longer being updated. The page may contain broken links or outdated information.
Shors, Teri Department of Biology and Microbiology, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh, Wisconsin.
- Investigation of the mysterious cattle disease
- A new symptom raises concerns
- Schmallenberg virus spreads through Europe
- Reasons for the rapid spread
- Economic impact of the Schmallenberg virus
- Controlling future outbreaks
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
In August–September 2011, dairy cows on farms in Germany and the Netherlands were sick with fever [40°C (104°F)], loss of appetite, and diarrhea, and they had up to 50% reductions in milk production. The symptoms were similar to those of the bluetongue virus infections that caused a major epizooty from 2006 to 2009 in Europe. An epizooty is an epidemic among large numbers of animals in a defined location. Farmers feared that this was the reemergence of a bluetongue virus outbreak. To their surprise, the cattle tested negative for endemic or emerging viruses such as bluetongue virus, bovine herpesvirus type-1, malignant catarrhal fever virus, bovine diarrhea virus, foot-and-mouth disease virus, epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus, Rift Valley fever virus, and bovine ephemeral fever virus.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information