Maldonado-Moll, José F. Sistema Universitario de la Fundation Educative Ana G. Mendez, Puerto Rico Junior College, Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico.
Last reviewed:October 2015
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A disease in which humans are parasitized by Schistosoma blood flukes (parasitic flatworms). Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by blood flukes belonging to the genus Schistosoma (subclass Digenea, class Trematoda). The most important of these parasitic flatworms are S. mansoni (Fig. 1), S. haematobium, S. japonicum, and S. mekongi. In contrast to other trematodes, the sexes are separate; that is, male and female reproductive systems occur in individual worms. Schistosomiasis is also known as bilharziasis, bilharzia, or snail fever. See also: Digenea; Medical parasitology; Parasitology; Trematoda
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