Satellite detection of thunderstorm intensity
Rabin, Robert M. National Severe Storms Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Norman, Oklahoma.
Brunner, Jason Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.
Bachmeier, Scott Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.
- First pictures
- Exploration of infrared (IR) imagery
- Growth rates
- Enhanced-V signature
- Plumes and short-wave infrared reflectance
- Radar advances in storm detection
- Current applications
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Despite the availability of an advanced system of geostationary satellites covering the United States, the detection of severe or violent thunderstorms has been dependent mainly on radar and storm spotters, when available. In Europe and Africa, radar and spotter networks are less developed or nonexistent. The question arises, to what extent can satellites be used for detecting severe weather phenomena? Research into this question started with the first satellite observations more than 40 years ago in the United States. This article reviews the principal findings from this research, with some current applications of the satellite data. The emphasis will be on inferring the intensity or severity of existing thunderstorms, which includes the occurrence of damaging winds, hail, and tornadoes. The estimation of rainfall from satellite imagery and the use of the data in numerical weather prediction are important topics, but beyond the scope of this paper. However, storm initiation and intensification will be covered briefly.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information