Strausbaugh, Perry D. Department of Botany, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.
Core, Earl L. Department of Biology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.
Last reviewed:August 2020
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The name applied to any species of the genus Santalum of the family Santalaceae. The true sandalwood (Indian sandalwood) is the hard, close-grained aromatic heartwood of a root-parasitic tree, S. album, of the Indo-Malayan region. This fragrant wood is used in ornamental carving and cabinetwork, and is a source of certain perfumes. The odor of the wood is an insect repellent; on this account, the wood is used often in making boxes and chests. The Janka hardness for S. album is 1680 lb-force (762 kg-force); its density is 59 lb/ft3 (945 kg/m3). Within the sandalwood family Santalaceae, other notable species are S. ellipticum (coast sandalwood of Hawaii) [see illustration] and S. spicatum (Australian sandalwood). In addition, the fragrant wood of a number of species in other families bears the same name, but none of these is the real sandalwood. See also: Essential oils; Forest and forestry; Parasitology; Santalales; Tree
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information