- Agriculture, Forestry & Soils
- Field crops, grasses, plant fibers, spices, tree crops, herbs
Knowles, P. F. Department of Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, Davis, California.
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
An annual, thistlelike, oilseed crop, Carthamus tinctorius, belonging to the family Asteraceae (Compositae) in the order Asterales. Safflower produces its seeds in heads, and these seeds are used to yield a cooking oil. Each seed is shaped like a small sunflower seed, and it is covered with a hull that may be white with a smooth surface or off-white to dark gray with a ridged surface. Depending on the thickness of the hull, the oil content varies from 25% to 45%. The flowers (see illustration) yield a dye and vary in color from white through shades of yellow and orange to red. Most cultivars (cultivated varieties) of safflower are spiny. In addition, safflower leaves are edible. See also: Asterales; Seed
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information