Routschka, Gerald Sankt Augustin, Germany.
- Raw materials, binders, and special additives
- Types of refractory materials
- Properties and testing
- Additional Readings
Nonmetallic ceramic materials, although some contain metals as additives, that have a pyrometric cone equivalent (softening temperature) at or above 1500°C. Such materials are usually used in plants and furnaces where temperatures of approximately 600–2000°C are encountered.
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