Tukey, Harold B. Formerly, Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.
Last reviewed:January 2020
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The tree Cydonia oblonga of the order Rosales, originally from Asia, grown for its edible fruit. The deciduous, crooked-branched quince tree attains a height of approximately 20 ft (6 m). It is cultivated in either bush or tree form. The undersides of the leaves are densely tomentose (hairy), and the solitary flowers, up to 2 in. (5 cm) across, are snowy white or pale pink. The fruit of the quince (see illustration) is a pear- or apple-shaped pome; it is characteristically tomentose, up to 3 in. (7.5 cm) in diameter, aromatic, sour, astringent, and green in color, turning clear yellow at maturity. The fruit is used mostly for jam and jelly or as a stewed fruit; it develops a pink color when cooked. See also: Deciduous plants; Fruit; Fruit, tree; Horticultural crops; Rosales
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